A Dutch adventure in Korea


One of the ships which is most well known and belonged to the 17th century maritime power of the United East Indian Company ( Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie for short: the V.O.C.), has been the Jaght  the Sperwer (Sparrow hawk). Since the word Yacht has been derived from the word Jaght, but has gotten a different meaning, we will continue to use the word Jaght). Vessels of the V.O.C. often turned out not to be able to withstand the storms which appeared in the dangerous seas of East Asia. It became hardly known outside the circle of those concerned, that this jacht didn't reach its port of destination after its journey from Taiwan to Japan in 1653. It were the unbelievable adventures of some of the salvaged crew members, who stayed for 13 years in unknown areas, which made a big impression on their contemporaries. The stories of their experiences may still attract our attention, since they gave the first detailed and reliable information concerning a country which then and even long thereafter, was inaccessible for foreigners and which kept itself far from the commercial relations with Westerners. What became known to Europe of the mysterious realm Korea, is owed to a castaway of the jacht "de Sperwer"


  1. The role of the Dutch on Taiwan

    1. The name Formosa

    2. Early history

    3. The revolt of the Taiwanese

    4. Restoration of power

    5. Cornelis Caesar

    6. The Spaniards on Taiwan

    7. Japanese pressure to chase away the Spaniards

    8. The conquest of Kelang [Chilung]

  2. The shipwreck of de Sperwer

    1. De Sperwer

    2. The shipwreck and the arrival at Deshima

    3. Korean sources about Hamel during his stay in Korea

    4. Jan Janse Weltevree or Pak Yôn

    5. After the meeting with Weltevree

    6. The situation in Cheju-do became worse

    7. Life in Seoul

    8. The incident with the Manchurian envoy

    9. Chôlla-do

    10. The Escape

    11. Deshima

    12. Delayed return home

    13. The Japanese Role

    14. Fee

    15. The stay-behinds

    16. Forgotten?

    17. Descendants?

  3. The journal of Hamel and other documents

    1. What happened to the manuscript

    2. Witsen's "Noord en Oost tartarye" (North and East Tartary)

    3. Contemporary adjustments

    4. The various archives

    5. Hamel's meticulousness

    6. De name Quelpaert

    7. What happened further with Hamel 

  4. Korea under influence of foreign powers

    1. Chinese rule

    2. Japanese influences

    3. Dutch and English commercial attempts

    4. The fear for Korea

    5. New hope after Hamels return

  5. Enclosures